Through the process of hydrolysis, cells remove phosphate groups from molecules of ATP to form molecules of ADP. The chemical formula of ADP is C 10 H 15 N 5 O 10­ P 2; on the contrary, the chemical formula of ATP is written as C 10 H 16 N 5 O 13 P 3.The molar mass of ADP consists of 427.201 g/mole; conversely, the molar mass of ATP consists of 507.18 g/mol. As the muscle continues to work, the creatine phosphate levels begin to decrease. Still have questions? 0 0. qwerty u. It's the nonexistent kind of macromolecule. TWO. ADP contains less energy than ATP. They consist of nucleotide polymers: adenosine, guanine, cytosine, uracil and thymine. lipids. Part 2: ATP Decomposition. Get your answers by asking now. ATP stands for adenosine triphosphate, and is the energy used by an organism in its daily operations. As a result, they may have substantially different physical properties and different biochemical roles in the human body. Together, the ATP levels and creatine phosphate levels are called the phosphagen system. The key component of ATP that the first post states is adenine (Adenosine is a nucleoside composed of a molecule of adenine attached to a ribose sugar molecule), and it is a nitrogenous base. Both ATP and ADP are composed of a ribose sugar, adenosine, and phosphate groups. DNA contains the genetic components and instructions in a cell, while RNA is used by the cell to make proteins. ATP molecules are considered as the universal currency of energy in the cell, as any energy required by a cell needs ATP which changes into ADP ( adenosine diphosphate ) , an amount of energy ( which is about 7-12 kcal/mole ) is released . This enzyme is present in mitochondria, in chloroplasts and in bacteria. The cell turns ATP into ADP, and the phosphagen rapidly turns the ADP back into ATP. In conclusion, ATP and ADP molecules are types of “universal power source” and the key difference between them is the number of phosphate group and energy content. When a cell requires energy, it breaks off the last (3rd) phosphate group from the ATP molecule, which releases energy. ATP is the main macromolecule. If a cell needs to spend energy to accomplish a task, the ATP molecule splits off one of its three phosphates, becoming ADP (Adenosine di-phosphate) + phosphate. Ask Question 9 years ago. Think of it as the “energy currency” of the cell. phosphate groups. The molecule that is left over is called adenosine diphosphate (ADP) which consists of adenine, ribose sugar, and . ATP molecule is composed of three phosphate molecules while ADP is composed of two phosphate molecules. the breaking of high-energy bonds to … ATP is a nucleoside triphosphate and used in cells as a coenzyme that transfers energy within the cell. Most ATP is synthesized from ADP and inorganic phosphate by ATP synthase (FoF1, or F-type ATPase). Each macromolecule type has its own structure and function: Nucleic acids are DNA and RNA. ADP is a nucleotide, which is a monomer, not a macromolecule. ATP and ADP are two types of nucleotides mainly involved in the transfer of energy between biochemical reactions in the cell. Phosphate group : each molecule of ATP has three phosphate groups linked together by bonds . Which type of macromolecule contains high-energy bonds and is used for long-term energy storage? It's a neucleotide - adenosine diphosphate. A nucleic acid is a number of nucleotides linked together. It consists of an adenosine molecule and three inorganic phosphates.After a simple reaction breaking down ATP to ADP, the energy released from the breaking of a molecular bond is the energy we use to keep ourselves alive. It contains Adenine, ribose sugar and two phosphate atoms. What type of macromolecule ATP and ATP-ase? This hydrolytic reaction results in. BTW: Tell your teacher that ATP is NOT a macromolecule. ATP (Adenosine tri-phosphate) is an important molecule found in all living things. 0 0.